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Lateral line organ

The Lateral line organ of the Great White Shark from South Africa runs from the head to the tip of the tail. While cage diving in Cape Town, you can get a picture of the entire physique and study the king of all predatory fish up close.

Lateral line organ - information - Cape Town shark diving in South Africa

Lateral line organ White Sharks

 

The lateral organ is a narrow channel that runs from the caudal fin on both sides of its body. For the great white shark, these sensory cells are very helpful when hunting for prey, since it can detect the smallest pressure differences in the water. The great white shark is so sensitive that it can feel the heartbeat of prey, even buried fish.

Male Great White Sharks in particular travel the oceans and may feel obstacles or higher reefs in advance. Before he can see a large coral reef, he simply swims around it. Since daylight is no longer available in the deep sea from a depth of 500 meters, it is a very useful and perfect organ.

Each aquatic animal generates different vibrations during the encounter process or in the event of an injury. The lateral organ and ear cooperate and pressure changes in the water are perceived by the entire body. These signals are passed on to the ear via the body tissue. He can thus perceive prey near and far away.

His sense of hearing can also pick up very low tones and distinguishes between sick or healthy fish. Hearing is important for balance and orientation at the same time.

Not only the great white sharks have a lateral line organ, but also fish, the grotto elm (Proteus anguinus) or the African clawed frog (Xenopus). The organ warns of hunters or signals prey.

Great White Sharks


Sardine Run

In South Africa, huge swarms of sardines emerge near Cape Town every year. This natural spectacle is known all over the world as the 'sardine run'. The swarm of sardines move past Cape Town towards Durban. Many land and aquatic animals arrive, including the great white sharks, whales, swordfish and dolphins. More information: Sardine Run

To protect themselves from the great hunters, the sardines form a huge swarm, which pretends to its enemies an oversized fish or insurmountable obstacle. The shoal is constantly changing direction and it is hard to understand that these fish do not collide.

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Here, too, the Lateral line organ ensures that each individual fish feels the pressure waves of its Neighbors. For this reason, no accidents happen and it is wonderful to see how harmoniously the swarms glide through the water like a water ballet.
 

swarm of sardines


Bionicists at the University of Bonn - learn from the animal world
Bionicists at the University of Bonn have developed a sensor that detects the smallest flow in water pipes or gas pipes. The sensor can sense the smallest changes in pressure and thus considerably simplify the repair of water or gas pipes.

Self-driving motor vehicles - research the 6th sense
We humans are currently trying out with self-driving motor vehicles what the shark has been doing for millions of years. Several research groups and universities are working on robot cars, even Google with their own car project, the Self-Driving Car Project.

In the foreseeable future, the IT and automotive industry will develop cars (robot cars) for series production, which will use electrical sensors to detect when obstacles arise. If the automotive industry can recreate the Lorenzine ampoules and the Great White Shark Lateral line organ, a new generation will emerge for many active drivers. As with the swarm of sardines or great white sharks, accidents would no longer occur and we have learned something useful from nature again.

Cage diving in Gansbaai - Shark tours on the Cape
For all divers we offer shark diving in the Cape Town area every day. Our shark tour leaves Cape Town to Gansbaai in the Overberg region of South Africa. You also can book a day tour as a self-drive, or an organized  tour where we will, pick you up from your accommodation.

If you would like to get to know the largest predatory fish of all the world's oceans while cage diving, please contact us.

Your Cape Town Shark Diving Team
 



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