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Introduction

In our introduction, we would like to intoduce to you the great white sharks that can be perfectly observed close to Cape Town. South Africa is thought to be home to the world’s largest population of the Great White Sharks. No other shark is similar to the White Shark. 

Introduction - The Great White Sharks - South Africa - Gansbaai

Introduction The Great White Sharks


Genus: Carcharodon - Carcharodon
Sharks - Selachii
Superorder: galeomorphii
Scientific name .: Carcharodon carcharias
Belongs to the family of mackerel sharks - Lamnidae
Names in the world : white sharks , white sharks , Great White Shark , White Shark , White Death , White Pointer , Grand Requin Blanc , Jaqueton Blanco
Pedigree : vertebrates ( Chordata )
Class: cartilaginous fishes - Chondrichthyes
Procedure : shortfin mako - Lamniformes
Body: fusiform
Maul : top, wide and long muzzle with strong jaws
Teeth: triangular , serrated teeth - not in pups . They have a revolver dentition and the teeth grow throughout their lives.
Number of teeth:
Maxilla : 23 to 28
Mandible : 20 to 26
Eyes: positioned at the head  with good visual acuity and color vision
Color of eyes : completely black eyes
Color: white underbelly and above gray - brown to blue-gray back color
Size of females : up to 7 meters
Size of male : up to 5 meters
Weight: more than 2 tons to 3.5 tons

Bite force of the Great White Shark :
The shark has the highest bite force of all terrestrial and aquatic animals . A 200 to 400 kg heavy white shark can develop up to 5,000 Newton and a 3,500 -kg animal over 18,000 Newton.

Occurrence: around the world in temperate zones and in tropical and subtropical sections , partly only in the winter time. On the eastern side of the Atlantic you can find the great white in South Africa at Cape Town ( Gansbaai ), Seychelles, Zaire, Senegal, Ghana , Red Sea , south of England , France and even in the Mediterranean, also in the Gulf of Alaska, Gulf of California, Panama, Chile, Siberia, Japan, Korea, China, Philippines, Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Hawaii, Marshall Islands, Newfoundland, Florida, Cuba, Bahamas, the Gulf of Mexico ( just to the north ) Argentina and Brazil.

You can find him: on the water surface to depths of 1,280 meters . He usually stays in depths of 5 meters below the surface.

Enemies: only humans and occasionally orcas

Prey: seals , elephant seals , squid , penguins, dolphins , sea turtles , swordfish , tunas . For the larger prey they include smaller toothed whales . Young animals eat in the early years almost exclusively fish.

Feeding behavior: white sharks eat smaller prey often and and a larger catch last them for a month. Their catch behavior depends on the weight of the prey . They are scavengers . During the months of June to the end of November many whale species visit the entire coastline of South Africa . Of course, some whales die of old age , and here the great white shark will also be dining.
 
Attacks on humans
The human being is not on the menu of the shark . Often the attack is confused with a bull shark. In Cape Town  Western Cape there are many surfers and swimmers . From the bottom , especially Surfer's , they look like a natural prey of ( seal ) and sometimes get bitten by a White Shark. After the first bite he noticed the confusion and returnes the body part to his victim . He is not a monster fish , as described in many films.

social behavior
The social behavior has been little explored . Typically, they are solitary , partly  with a partner or in larger groups of 10 and more sharks . Researchers believe that the communication takes place over swimming strokes.

fertility
Females - 12 to 14 years
Males - 9 to 10 years
Young - about 13 to 14 pieces hatch in the womb from the eggs
Gestation : unknown - an estimated 12 months or longer
Long juveniles :
120 to 150 cm
Weight of the juveniles :
26 to 32 kg

Should you require further information, please write to us.

Your Cape Town shark diving team

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